Orlando’s Column was made by Bonino di Jacopo from Milan with the help of the local master Antun Raguseo. The idea to erect the Column was born in 1417, and its construction started two years later. On 13th May 1519, the Minor Council entrusted the noblemen, senators Lujo Gozze and Zore Palmota, with the task to place Orlando’s Column on the main square in front of St. Blaise’s Church.

On that occasion, Orlando (Roland) was also attributed a myth about having defended the City against the Saracens just off Lokrum. This was done in order to avoid negative connotations, i.e. to create an alibi for the statue facing the East, where the Ottoman Empire was on the rise, an empire which would conquer the entire Balkans. Some sources claim that the myth about Orlando was brought to Dubrovnik by the Hungarian King Sigismund who stayed in Dubrovnik after the Ottomans’ defeat in the Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. At the time, Venice erected its winged lions everywhere so Dubrovnik wanted to distance itself in a symbolic manner from its former conqueror. It was precisely thanks to the Hungarians, i.e. the Hungarian King Louis I who defeated Venice and signed the Treaty of Zadar in 1358, that Dubrovnik gained its independence. By signing the Treaty, the King provided Dubrovnik with his protection, but also its own independence.

Besides representing the most important secular symbol of the Ragusan State (the religious equivalent being St. Blaise), Orlando’s Column also carried the post on which the Ragusan flag was hoisted, public proclamations were usually made from atop of the Column and public punishments were performed at its site. At the knight’s feet, there was the standard for trading fabric – the Ragusan cubit (‘lakat’) measuring 51.2 cm. Both the standard and its length correspond to the length of Orlando’s right forearm (the one in which he holds the sword).

When Dubrovnik was conquered by Napoleon in 1806, and when it was annexed to the Habsburg Monarchy at the Congress of Vienna in 1815, Orlando too was facing difficult times. Taking advantage of the fact that Orlando’s Column crashed in a strong gust of wind in 1825, the Habsburgs removed the Column, the symbol of the former Ragusa, and placed it in the cellar of the Rector’s Palace. Due to popular demand, the Column was returned in front of St. Blaise’s Church, but only in 1878. It was placed in a different spot than originally, and it was now facing North instead of East.

Marking the 600th anniversary of Orlando’s Column, City Council of the City of Dubrovnik has proclaimed 2019 as “The Year of Orlando”.

PROGRAMME

January

 

January 25

Presentation of Orlando’s Year Programme

 

February

 

February  1

State Archives- Sponza Palace

Exhibition “51.2, as per Orlando’s Measure”

www.dad.hr

 

February  1

Dubrovnik Museum of Modern Art

Children’s Art Workshop “600 Years of Orlando / Orlando’s Year”

www.ugdubrovnik.hr

 

February 8,9,10,16,17,23 and 24

Orlando Youth Association

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

February 16 and 17

Orlando Youth Association

Presentation of Croatian authors and musicians in Dubrovnik

www.klub-orlando.com

 

February 22 – March 5

City of Dubrovnik & Dubrovnik Tourist Board

International Dubrovnik Carnival

www.tzdubrovnik.hr

 

House of Marin Držić

Art workshop for children: Orlando, St. Blaise and Marin Držić

www.muzej-marindrzic.eu

 

March

 

March 2, 3 and 25

Orlando Youth Association

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

House of Marin Držić

Art workshop for children: Orlando, St. Blaise and Marin Držić

www.muzej-marindrzic.eu

 

April

 

April 25

Lukjernica Association

Orlando in Lukjernica – Exhibition

www.udrugalukjernica.hr

 

April 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

April 28 – 30

Du Motion Runners Days Dubrovnik 2019 

 

 

 

FB group „Dubrovnik in the Old Days“ & Foto Adria

„Orlando in the Old days“ photo exhibiton, Stradun

 

House of Marin Držić

Art workshop for children: Orlando, St. Blaise and Marin Držić

www.muzej-marindrzic.eu

 

Dubrovnik 1966 Judo Club 

2019 Judo cup Dubrovnik International Judo Tournament

www.dubrovnikjudo.hr

 

Jug Swimming Club

2019 International Swimmer’s Meeting Zlatni Orlando

www.pkjug.hr

 

Jug Waterpolo Club

2019 Tomo Udovičić Memorial Waterpolo Tournament

www.jug.hr

 

 

May

 

May 10 and 11

Orlando Youth Association

Presentation of Croatian authors and musicians in Dubrovnik

www.klub-orlando.com

 

May 24

Dubrovnik Libraries – Dubrovnik Scrientific Library

“Ariosto’s Orlando and Vatranović’s Pelegrin” i

Lecture by Morana Čale

www.dkd.hr

 

May 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

House of Marin Držić

Art workshop for children: Orlando, St. Blaise and Marin Držić

www.muzej-marindrzic.eu

 

Dubrovnik Libraries

“Orlando’s Column – the Symbol of Maturation of the Commune of Dubrovnik”  

Lecture by Nikša Varezić

www.dkd.hr

 

Luka Sorkočević Art School         

Art Exhibition – Marking the Year of Orlando

www.ss-umjetnicka-lsorkocevica-du-skole.hr

 

Lero Student Theatre

“Let’s Talk about Orlando” – Storytelling for the youngest – fairy tales and legends

www.teatarlero.hr

 

Convivo Dance and Education Association

Orlando Then and Now

 

 

June

 

June 1

Presentation of Mobile Web Application “Verbum Orlando”

Orlando Youth Association         

www.klub-orlando.com

June 7 – 14

Dubrovnik Symphony Orchestra

Orlando Furioso – Baroque Music Festival

 

June  25

Orlando Youth Association

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

June 30

Dubrovnik University – Erasmus Student Network Dubrovnik      

Presentation of Educational Brochure: Orlando in the Erasmus Programme

www.unidu.hr

 

July

 

July 6

Youth Career Center Dubrovnik 

3D Orlando’s skills

www.informadur.com

Ragusa Tennis Club

Dubrovnik DUD Bowl 2019 International Tennis Tournament

 

August

 

August 26 – 29

Dubrovnik Symphony Orchestra – “Orlando Piano Week – Recital“

Andrew Tyson, Steven Lin, Evan Shinners, Evgeni Bozhanov

 

Dubrovnik Museums 

Exhibition “Orlando – the Symbol of Freedom”

www.dumus.hr

 

Ragusa Tennis Club

Dubrovnik DUD Bowl 2019 International Tennis Tournament

 

September

 

September 20

Orlando Youth Association

Original play by the Drama club of the Orlando Youth Association

www.klub-orlando.com

 

September 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

September 29

Aster Cultural Society Dubrovnik        

„Orlando „ Puppet play

www.asterdubrovnik.hr

 

 

October

 

October 13 and 27

Aster Cultural Society Dubrovnik

„Orlando „ Puppet play

www.asterdubrovnik.hr

 

 

October 18

Dubrovnik Libraries  

“Orlando in Dubrovnik – Historical highlights”

Lecture by Ivan Viđen

www.dkd.hr

 

October 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

Neptun Rowing Club

2019 Sempres Primus International Rowing Regatta

www.vkneptun.com

 

November

 

November 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

Lero Student Theatre

Theatre play “Orlando”

www.teatarlero.hr

 

Dubrovnik Audiovisual Center

Picture book and cartoon based on the song “Orlando sanja” (Orlando Dreams)

 

 

December

 

December 8 and 22

Aster Cultural Society Dubrovnik        

Orlando – Puppet play

www.asterdubrovnik.hr

 

December 16

Maro and Baro Youth Association

Workshops and fair: “Orlando’s Story for the People of Dubrovnik”

 

December 25

Orlando Youth Association         

Radio and television workshops and programme on Orlando the Knight

www.klub-orlando.com

 

More information:

Web: www.dubrovnik.hr

FB : Orlando600

INSTAGRAM: 2019yearoforlando